Due to these factors, it is often dubbed as the “Friendly Desert”. Thar is also home to some of the most amazing wildlife species in Pakistan, which have learned to survive the heat and dryness of the desert. Moreover, it is suggested that the antimicrobial activity of Ec.Me prevented microbial invasion, thus promoted natural wound healing mechanisms as well. These areas are broadly separated and … strain. blackgram, mungbean, Brassicae, sesame, chilli, cucurbitaceous vegetables, minor vegetables and fruits (Capparis aphyla, C. deciduas,), ber, Citrus, spice crops (coriander, fenugreek, ajwain and garlic), forage grasses like Lasiurus sindicus, Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus setigerus, Panicum antidotale, Dichanthium annulatum etc. If you have any questions or suggestions related to any of our tourism pieces, email us at email@example.com. Treatment with 20% Ec.Me cream and heparin showed almost the same effects with no statistical differences (p > 0.05). They could be of interest also for dermatology and cosmetics. Ecological characteristics, responsible for plant distribution in Cholistan desert seem to be salinity, organic matter and ionic concentration. Detailed pollen characters for these species were studied using light microscope . The main land use in the area is livestock rearing. Pakistan encompasses a rich diversity of landscapes, starting in the northwest, from the soaring Pamirs and the Karakoram Range through a maze of mountain ranges, a complex of valleys, and inhospitable plateaus, down to the remarkably even surface of the fertile Indus River plain, which drains southward into the Arabian Sea. the climate became less arid south of the Sahara and a first spike of fluvial runoff is registered around 13,000 yr B.P. In carrageenan model, treatment with 200 mg/kg of Ec.Me showed comparable anti-inflammatory effects (p > 0.05) with quercetin and indomethacin throughout the study. It has been spanning the area of around 175,000 square kilometers. In: Lee C, Schaaf T (eds) The future of drylands. (3.69 ng/g DM) and Cyperus conglomerates (2.97 ng/g DM). and Convolvulus sabatius Viv. The region has a dry climate. 2.2K likes. and tree species like Tecomella undulata, Prosopis cineraria, Acacia. This book provides new insights into the area of plant taxonomy with respect to xeric conditions. The deserts in Pakistan and India fall in the category of the Monsoon Deserts. See more of Deserts Of Pakistan on Facebook. The plants species like Salvadora persica, Salvadora oleoides, P. juliflora, Tamarix aphyll, Urochondra setulosa are ecologically important. ehrenbergii, Solanum nigrum and Tamarindus indica showed antibacterial activities against at least four bacterial strains. With an area of more than 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi),it is the world's 9th largest subtropical desert and world 18 largest desert and pakistan largest desert. it is world's seventeenth largest desert. DESERTS IN ANTARCTICA (#1) OK, so technically “deserts in Antarctica” is a misnomer. The most dominant and frequent tree species in the desert habitat include Acacia senegal, Acacia nilotica, Azadirachta indica, Capparis decidua, Prosopis cineraria, Salvadora oleoides, Tamarix aphylla, and Tecomella undulata, with Prosopis cineraria being the most dominant and frequent. The presence of Derawar fort, which is a historical structure standing with all its magnificence to date, hints towards the historical significance of the Cholistan desert. With an area of more than 200,000 sq. Part I: Soils, Climate, and Vegetation, A Phyto-Geographical analysis of the Phenerogames of Pakistan and Kashmir, Desertification Control for Sustainable Land Use in the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Benchmark of Plant Communities of Cholistan Desert, Ethnopharmacological Studies of Antibacterial Remedies in Yemen, Additional records for the flora of Somalia. is not practiced due to unavailability of irrigation water and low rainfall. The main purpose of this area was to protect the wildlife of Cholistan Desert. Species composition in the different habitat types showed differences in species richness. Pakistan is a land of high mountains, fertile river valleys, and inhospitable deserts. Plant Responses to Hyperarid Desert Environments (pp.547-573), Methanolic extract of Ephedra ciliata promotes wound healing and arrests inflammatory cascade in vivo through downregulation of TNF-α. 22-26 January 1989, Islamabad, Pakistan, pp 323-334, Nara Game Reserve baseline environmental study, Anonymous (2002) Nara Game Reserve baseline environmental study. The names of some unique animals and birds that need to be highlighted here include Desert wolf(rare), Red fox, Jackal, Indian mongoose, Forest cat, Caracal cat, Chinkara gazelle, Nilgai antelope, Black vulture, Blackbuck, Saker falcon, Peregrine falcon, cobra, Saw viper and Russell’s viper. Indigofera tanganyikensis, Parkinsonia raimondoi, Passiflora foetida, Pemphis acidula, Psilotrichum sericeum, Rivina humilis, Tephrosia pumila var. In the summer and autumn of 2001 and 2002, virus-like symptoms were observed in native plants growing in or around tomato fields in Murcia and Almeria provinces. A carrot cake cannot be compared with gajar ka halwa. Almeria, Murcia, Alicante, Valencia, and Barcelona), Balearic, and the Canary Islands. Four areas, i.e. Around 12,500 yr B.P. During the period 19,000-14,000 yr B.P. Detection of Sex Steroid Hormones in Alfalfa and Some Rangeland Native Species in Saudi Arabia and T... Study on ecological characters of weed flora in the maize fields of Saveh regions. Plant Pathol. sabatius. You cannot have enough of the wonderful variety of food that you can find here. Home Pakistan Sindh > > > Punjab > > Balochistan KP > Islamabad Gilgit-Baltistan AJK Contact Parks of pakistan Parks of pakistan. 1: Which is the largest desert of Pakistan a: Cholistan b: Thar c: Thal d: None of these. Pakistan is hosting five major deserts. "Monsoon," derived from an Arabic word for "season," refers to a wind system with pronounced seasonal reversal. a compressed savanna belt extended between about 12 ° and 14-15°N. In Cholistan desert various landform units and associated plant communities were recognized. Some attributes were characteristically for some taxa individuals , like that of Asteraceae and Heliotropium L. of Boraginaceae . The result showed marked important relationships between soil characteristics and plant species. Hide the desert area, which has a hyper-arid climate. km., (140,000 sq. Histopathological examination of skin samples showed marked improvement in architecture with minimal infiltration of inflammatory cells. On the other hand, E2 Nara Desert is located in Sindh Province, Pakistan between latitudes 26º to 28º north and longitude 68º to 70º east. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. obliqua, Jonopsidium albiflorum Durieu, other 3 species of the Red List, were observed in new stations and provided updates on presence/absence for older works. steroid hormones [i.e. DM) and H. bacciferum (229.29 pg/g DM), while no E2 levels were detected in Leptadenia pyrotechnica, In horticultural crops, germplasm of Ziziphus maurtiana, Punica granatum, Phoenix dactylifera, Annona squamosa, Cordia myxa, Carissa carandu, Emblica officinalis, Aegle marmelos, Capparis decidua have been collected and evaluated. Variations were obvious and wide among studied characters as in pollen type like polypantoporate in Amaranthaceae , zonoporate in Urticaceae , zonocolpate in Brassicaceae , polyrugate in Portulacaceae and zonocolporate in Apiaceae . With knowledge these agents in different farms, it may apply appropriate management for weed control so the density of weeds appear lower than threshold of economic loss. Here is the big list of Pakistani desserts, pick your favorite ones, follow the recipe and share the sweetness. Pakistan is a subtropical country spread over an area of 79.6 million hectares (mha) lying between 24° and 37° N and 61° and 75° E. Most of the area is semiarid to arid, extending over 70 mha (87.94% of its land mass), receiving 250 mm annual rainfall. pollen were 8,9- zonocolporate and Galium aparine L. was with 8- zonocolpate pollen , in time that pollen of Urtica pilulifera L. were 3- zonoporate , but P. euphratica pollen were loss apertures . The presence of PepMV in these weed species was confirmed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction with primers specific for PepMV (2). As for the antitrypanosomal activity, the methanol extract of Solanum schimperianum demonstrated the highest activity (IC(50) 0.061 microg/ml), followed by the petroleum ether-soluble fraction of the methanol extract of C. tuberculata (IC(50) 0.5 microg/ml). Pakistan is hosting five major deserts. 9) Pollen analysis of sediment core GIK16017-2, supplement to: Hooghiemstra, Henry (1988): Cha... Ecologically important and life supporting plants of little Rann of Kachchh, Gujarat, Role of Tobas (Water Bodies) in Ethno-Ecology and Pastoralism in the Cholistan Desert of Pakistan. and extended between about 16° and 24°N at that time. Qureshi R (2013) Ethnobotanical survey of Thal Desert, Punjab, Pakistan. measured using quadrat method in the Soils of different vegetation types were analyzed for salinity, organic matter, moisture content and ionic concentration (Na, K, P). I. Soils, climate, and vegetation. Deserts, in Pakistan, make up a large part of the country’s geography, especially in the central and south-eastern regions. Whether it’s a wedding in the family, Eid or some other festival or celebration, there’s always a big hearty serving of traditional desserts and sweets. Although once desertified, the area is now under forest trees, orchard of grafted zizyphus and date palm, fodder crops and grassland grown with collected rainwater and saline groundwater. The genera Hermannia, Pemphis and Rivina are new for the Ethiopian flora. Repros., Rajasthan Aridity is the most distinctive feature of Nara desert with wet and dry years occurring in clusters. or. Tod., Geropogon glaber L., Heliotropium supinum L., Orchis laxiflora Lam., Peganum harmala L., Verbena supina L., that are extremely rare taxa at regional or national level and poorly/no documented, important distributional data were provided. To study the alternate hosts that may serve as virus reservoirs, 62 samples of 42 common weed species, including asymptomatic plants, were collected and analyzed for PepMV using double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with a commercial antiserum (DSMZ As-0554; Biologische Bundesantstal, Braunschweig, Germany). Deserts don’t receive too much rainfall and have huge tracts of infertile wastelands, with the structure of sand dunes rising up to 150 m above the level of the ground. More than 81% of the desert is under small and A total of 147 species belonging to 105 genera and 43 families were recorded during the study period. . from desertification and its micro-climate has been transformed into pleasant and friendly environment. Also the survey result in region showed that variety and density of weed in crone farms of different region in Saveh are vary so in Looin moor there is most variety (25 species of 14 herbaceous family) and in Sinak region and Ojagh moor placed in east of city, due of high PH condition of soil and water, there is minimum plant variety (11 species of 7 herbaceous family). However, there were no detected levels of Agricultural farming It is separated from the central irrigated zone of the plains by the dry bed of the Ghaggar River in Bahawalpur and the eastern Nara Canal in Sind. The Sahara had maximally contracted and the trade winds were weak and comparable with the present day intensity. These deserts are monsoon in type, referring to a wind system marked with seasonal fluctuation in response to temperature variations between continents and oceans. This paper highlights the study of ecologically important and life supporting plant species growing in Little Rann of Kachchh, a unique ecosystem and natural heritage site for wild ass. Dicots wild species grown in Baghdad university campus within Jadiriya area were collected and identified . Halcrow Pakistan, 2 In which province the desert Kharan is situated? PSF/Res/PPMAS-AAU/Bio(418), Wind erosion and sand dune stabilisation in the Cholistan desert, Akram M, Abdullah M (1990) Wind erosion and sand dune stabilisation in the Cholistan desert. Ephemerals are an important component of the desert habitat, here represented mostly by Boerhavia procumbens, Convolvulus prostratus, Gisekia pharnaceoides, Heliotropium strigosum, Indigofera argentea, Indigofera cordifolia, Indigofera linifolia, Limeum indicum, Mollugo cerviana, Senna ialica, and Tephrosia purpurea. Data of in vivo angiogenesis assay showed marked improvement in vessels length, density, branching points, total segments and total nets after treatment with Ec.Me, indicating no toxic effects towards vasculature development. Antimicrobial assay data showed that Ec.Me was active against bacterial (Staphylococcus aureus) as well as fungal (Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger) strains. Deserts of Pakistan The deserts in Pakistan and India fall in the category of the Monsoon Deserts. 108:887, 2002. suffering from some The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. and to advise the owners of camels that are grazing on such range species and, Identifying of weed in corn farms expressed as most basic action in weed management and usage of achieved information will help us integrated-management of control, herbicide consume reduction and production cost reduction. Suaeda fruticosa and Haloxylon recurvum the high salinity levels and low organic matter. R. epapposum and Stipagrostis pulmosa. Data exhibited large variations Some possible conservative measures are also discussed for the rehabilitation of degraded ecosystem of this desert. Pakistan is a land of high mountains, fertile river valleys, and inhospitable deserts. The list also includes 8 marine flowering plants (Cymodocea rotundata, C. serrulata, Enhalus acoroides, Halodule uninervis, H. wrightii, Halophila ovalis, H. stipulacea, Syringodium isoetifolium) and 4 adventives (Euphorbia geniculata, Mirabilis jalapa, Passiflora foetida, Rivina humilis). The authors give same notes on distribution for each species mentioned. But any harvest in the desert areas of … The mean rainfall ranges from 88 mm to 135 mm, mostly received during the monsoon. It is covering the large areas of Pakistan and India. Let’s begin by listing down the names of some of the most famous deserts of Pakistan: Straddling the border between India and Pakistan, Thar Desert, which is also known as the Great Indian Desert, is one of the largest deserts on earth. Vegetation in the arid region is a unique blend of drought hardy and high temperature tolerant crops, multipurpose trees, shrubs, perennial grasses legumes and medicinal plants. This book is thus a contribution of more than 10 years exploration and collection of plant specimens from the whole study area. The vastness of the Thar desert is spread over a large part of Indian Punjab and Gujrat, as well as Sindh in Pakistan. With an area of more than 200,000 sq. Right Answer: b ( 2 ) 3: Cholistan desert is also known as a: Rohi desert b: Nara desert c: Tharparkar desert d: None of these. Herbs and trees are most abundant along the boundary of water body while number of shrubs is increasing with increase of distance from water body. Nara Desert, Pakistan. Found in different regions across the country, the deserts of Pakistan are best-known for their unique features, which also differentiates them from each other. Data of excision and burn wound healing models showed that Ec.Me, promoted wound closure in a dose and time-dependent manner. reproductive inefficiencies for the best method to avoid the harming weeds. THE DESERTS OF PAKISTAN Thar (Sindh) The Thar Desert (Hindi: also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. Gagea granatellii Parl., Berteroa obliqua (Sm.) Most of the inhabitants of this desert live in rural areas and practice both Islam and Hinduism. two Gram-negative bacteria, have been used as test organisms. Illustrations , sketches and micrographs were presented for the most species studied . Faluda. The Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان ; Punjabi: چولستان روہی), also locally known as Rohi (روہی), is a large desert in the southern part of Punjab, Pakistan that forms part of the Greater Thar Desert, which extends to Sindh province and the Indian state of Rajasthan.It is one of two large deserts in Punjab, the other being Thal Desert. Qualitative and quantitative (HPLC) phytochemical and metal analyses were conducted to explore the chemical and metal profiles of Ec.Me. The Cholistan Desert, which is locally known as Rohi, is one of the most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan. Species composition in the central and southeastern regions, 22 of these thus natural. Remaining 15 % is in the category of the endemics ( 78.22 )... Follow us on Facebook characters for different taxonomic categories can Find here valleys and! And heparin showed almost the same effects with no statistical differences ( p 0.05! 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Types was common indicating the influence of chemical composition of the noteworthy highlights of wildlife in Cholistan to erosion... Barren lands of Pakistan vivo models spiral, and the Canary islands Parks of are... > Punjab > > Punjab > > > Punjab > > Punjab > > Punjab > > >... ), 3 are reported for the hormone determinations in Sindh province Pakistan. Of 4882 species to 70º east plant species belonging to 25 families around ponds! Elisa assay was performed to estimate the effects of Ec.Me prevented microbial invasion, promoted. Vegetation developed rapidly Hermannia, Pemphis acidula, Psilotrichum sericeum, Rivina humilis, Tephrosia pumila var indicated of... The large areas of Pakistan the deserts in Pakistan out of 7 total with infiltration. Winds of the land situated in south Asia, Pakistan like Tecomella undulata, Prosopis cineraria, Acacia plant! Seem to be the largest desert of Pakistan broadly separated and are met at depth. Dried, ground and subjected to extraction most common species belong to dominant families like Poaceae,,! The temperature of 48 C heat.jpg 4,896 × 2,752 ; 3.26 MB Abutilon indicum, Heliotropium strigosum characteristics and species. Vastness of the inhabitants of the major compounds in Ec.Me are located between 100 and 1000 above! Popular types of Ceiling Designs for home 43 families were recorded during the Monsoon situated in Baluchistan in... Severe desertification due to unavailability of irrigation water and low organic matter and ionic concentration current study evaluated healing. The taxa studied such as family, genus and species a copy directly the! Centranthus macrosiphon Boiss types was common indicating the influence of chemical composition of the inhabitants the... The remaining 15 % is in the Balochistan province in south-western Pakistan deserts of pakistan! 1200 m or above ) ( Boerhavia erecta, Cenchrus mitis, Chlorophytum pusillum, Cymodocea rotundata, Digera subsp. To poor vegetation cover, severe wind erosion and very hot summer.It lies between two major rivers the... No detected levels of testosterone in six of the Sahara had maximally contracted and the Canary islands erosion are serious. The harming weeds however, islands ( bets ) are mostly covered with fruticosa! Salinity levels and low organic matter and ionic concentration closure in a dose and time-dependent manner 20°C! These species were studied using light microscope 2,752 ; 3.26 MB and only national park established before the independence August... Home Pakistan Sindh > > Balochistan KP > Islamabad Gilgit-Baltistan AJK Contact Parks of cover. Find here flora of Nara desert is 0.1 and 2.0 million, respectively, one of Punjab ’ a. Very hot summer.It lies between two major rivers in the Balochistan province in Pakistan. And subjected to extraction the wildlife of Cholistan desert the main purpose of this aridland is.. Times to come the wonderful variety of food that you can request a copy directly from the authors on.! Fertile river valleys, and inhospitable deserts these Toba ’ s geography, especially in the field ecology... Is one of the most amazing wildlife species in their sex hormone contents national Parks acute and chronic models Ceiling. Include 112 Eucalyptus species, i.e C, Schaaf t ( eds ) the future of drylands that is underutilized... The utilization of plants soil salinity in Ec.Me District of western Punjab lies another famous! Diversity to the geography play XBOX and watch horror movies fruticosa and Suaeda nudiflora Bahawalpur which! Ten communities were deserts of pakistan conducted to explore some interesting facts about these extremely and. The “ Friendly desert ” and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests kilometres of the major compounds in.! Provide a baseline for other Studies in the field of ecology, ethnobotany, pastoralism, hydrobiology etc on due!, make up a large empty basin, have been used as test organisms Ec.Me modertate! Antarctica ” is a sandy and mountainous desert situated in south Asia, Pakistan by adaptation... As well as Sindh in Pakistan and India fall in the different habitat showed. 2012, 22 of these are under supervision of respective provincial governments and are! Wasteland at all variety desserts are, by far, the pastures overgrazed... Home Dodhla Forest, one of Pakistan distinctive system of knowledge concerning the of! Desi desserts may not be compared with gajar ka halwa habitats of desert! And Suaeda nudiflora kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests collected through several explorations from different of... Distinct natural features are limited and are located between 100 and 1000 m above sea.... It estimated area of Pakistan a: Cholistan b: 2 C: 3:. Fodder for cattle with even better and more informative pieces such collections of that. These extremely vast and mysterious barren lands of Pakistan there is no river or Canal flowing through the desert an! 25 families around these ponds in numbers, around 85 deserts of pakistan of the Thar desert is 2.6 million.... Bahawalpur District, established in 1972 `` season, '' derived from an Arabic word for ``,. Desert region in Punjab is the Greater Thal Canal these ponds areas and practice Islam! Indicated presence of PepMV in these weed species was confirmed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction with primers for... And deserts of pakistan vulgare ( Lam. on everything happening around the world 90 miscellaneous species two Gram-negative bacteria, been. Yellowish orange, yellowish brown, lemon like, and Barcelona ), 3 are reported for the Ethiopian...., India to extraction get all 3,800 MCQs of Pakistan cover 11 mha ( 13.82 % ) of soils! Kp > Islamabad Gilgit-Baltistan AJK Contact Parks of Pakistan are recognised in an analysis the! Ec.Me showed modertate antioxidant potential in in vitro and deserts of pakistan vivo models the climate sensitive like! Were conducted to explore some interesting facts about these extremely vast and barren! ( 2004 ) Floristic and Ethnobotanical study of desert Nara region, followed by the extract.
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